Colposcopy is an investigation method that allows to receive a closer look at the cervix. It is a part of a cancer screening and helps find cells that can become cancerous. The procedure does not differ much from a regular pelvic exam. A speculum is inserted into the vagina to provide access to the cervix. Then a special substance is applied to the cervix to make cancer-like cells more visible. Then the cervix is examined with a colposcope – a special kind of microscope. It stays outside the body and has no contact with a patient.
If any abnormality is observed, a biopsy can be performed. This means they’ll take a tiny sample of tissue and send it to a lab.
A colposcopy and biopsy only takes about 5-10 minutes and is completely painless.