Endocrine infertility

By definition, infertility is the absence of pregnancy during regular attempts in a couple for 2 years. Endocrine dysfunction is often the cause of this condition. Endocrine infertility is the irregularity or lack of ovulation caused by a complex of hormonal disorders. They can be caused by errors in the work of the pituitary gland, thyroid gland and other organs of the endocrine system. According to statistics, endocrine forms of infertility account for about 40% of all cases of the disease.

Endocrine infertility may have no symptoms other than the inability to conceive. Sometimes, there are such manifestations as amenorrhea (absence of menstruation), acne on the face and body, alopecia (hair loss), hirsutism (excessive hair growth), obesity, milk secretion from the breast.

A consultation with an endocrinologist and a gynecologist is necessary for the diagnosis of infertility. A gynecologist will help determine whether ovulation is taking place – the process by which an egg every month in the middle of the cycle becomes available for fertilization. Folliculometry is used for this.

An endocrinologist will help identify hormonal disorders that can prevent pregnancy. The endocrinologist prescribes an examination of the level of hormones that are responsible for the onset and course of a healthy pregnancy. It is necessary to consult an endocrinologist not only in case of prolonged absence of pregnancy, but also at the beginning of planning. The doctor will help identify hormonal disorders that may be dangerous for the child after pregnancy, and correct them.

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